Food fraud lawsuits brought by consumers rather than government bodies, are on the rise in the USA. In New York federal courts alone, 100 cases were brought in 2020, 4 times the number in 2015. Many of the lawsuits target the description of the ingredients and those not disclosed on the products ingredient list. This article outlines the rise in litigation, where most cases are settled out of court, and those which go to court are often dismissed. Examples of cases include the use of the term vanilla, and whether "vanilla flavoured" should contain vanilla from vanilla beans. Many of these cases are as a result of weaknesses in US food legislation compared to the EU, which has better defined food labelling, standards and voluntary claims legislation.
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